The Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC(formerly 98/37/EC) provides the harmonization of the essential health and safety requirements and voluntary harmonized standards. Such directives apply only to products that are intended to be placed on or put into service in the market for the first time. The Machinery Directive has been recently “recast” as with some changes and clarifications. This New Machinery Directive replaced 98/37/EC on 29 Dec.2009.
“an assembly, fitted with or intended to be fitted with a drive system other than directly applied human or animal effort, consisting of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, and which are joined together for a specific application.” This covers a wide range of machines from simple hand-held tools through to automated industrial production lines.
l Safety components intended to be used as spare parts to replace identical components and supplied by manufacturer of the original machinery;
l Specific equipment for use in fairgrounds and/or amusement parks;
l Machinery specially designed or put into service or nuclear purposes, which in the event of failure, may result in an emission of radioactivity;
l Weapons, including frearms;
l The following means transport:
i. Agricultural and forestry tractors for the risks covered by Directive2003/37/EC, with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles;
ii. Motor vehicles and their trailers covered by Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 Feb 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles;
iii. Vehicles covered by Directive 2002/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 Mar 2002 relating to the type-approval of two or three wheel motor vehicles, with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles;
iv. Motor vehicles exclusively intended for competition;
v. Means of transport by air, on water and on rail networks with the exclusion of machinery mounted on these vehicles;
l Seagoing vessels and mobile offshore units and machinery installed on board such vessels and/or units;
l Machinery specially designed and constructed for military or police purpose;
l Machinery specially designed and constructed for research purposes for temporary use in laboratories;
l Machinery intended to move performers during artistic performances;
l Electrical and electronic products falling within the following areas, insofar as they are covered by Council Directive 73/23/EEC 19 Feb 1973 on the harmonization of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits:
i. Household appliances intended for domestic use;
ii. Audio and video equipment;
iii. Information technology equipment;
iv. Ordinary office machinery;
v. Low-voltage switchgear and control gear;
vi. Electric motors.
l The following types of high-voltage electrical equipment:
i. Switchgear and control gear;
Belong to the scope of the Machinery Directive Annex IV of machinery.
392 instructions for the [general machinery] and is considered particularly dangerous machinery (Annex IV machinery) was significantly different. Doing is in compliance with specifications of the procedure, it is important that one must distinguish your machine is not the Annex IV of the machinery. The following are listed in Annex IV of the Machinery Directive "dangerous machinery"
i. Processing of wood and similar materials or processed meat and similar materials single or multi-piece circular saws.
1) Operation with fixed or wood-sawing machine tool, has an escort to hand feed fixed or detachable power feed unit;
2) Operation with a fixed tool sawmill, using a hand-operated reciprocating saw-bench or carriage;
3) Operation with a fixed tool sawmill and Built-in work feeding device and is designed for manual loading and unloading;
4) Operation with a mobile tool sawmill, which uses mechanical feed device and manual loading and unloading methods.
ii. Hand-dug escort machine.
iii. Artificial single-sided Planer.
iv. Band saw machine of Processing of wood and similar materials and similar materials or meat that uses fixed or mobile bed units and removable racks to manual loading and unloading.
v. From 1 to 4 points and 7 points mentioned by the mechanical processing of timber and similar materials as Synthetic compound machinery group.
vi. Hand-feed tool clamping head of wood working Tenon machine.
vii. vertical scroll shavings machine used to process timber and similar materials.
viii. Portable chain saws for woodworking.
ix. Manual loading and unloading using cold processing of metal stamping bed, including folding bed, moving the work of their trip more than 6mm, more than 30mm/sec.
x. Artificial plastic injection or compression molding machine.
xi. Artificial rubber injection or compression molding machine.
xii. The following underground construction machinery and equipment:
1) Track machinery: Power front and braking vehicles;
2) Hydraulic tunnel roof support equipment;
3) Underground construction machinery used in internal combustion engines.
xiii. Equipped with mechanical compression and artificial family loading refuse collection truck.
xiv. Article 3,4 and7 of Annex I about the protection of joints made by charging and detachable transmission shafts.
xv. Ceiling height machine for maintenance vehicles.
xvi. Including the dangerous personnel lifting device which has the possibility of vertical fall from more than three meters.
xvii. pyrotechnic machinery.
l Security components group
i. Electrical sensors specifically designed to ensure the safety.( Invisible grille, sensor mats, electromagnetic detectors, etc)
ii. Logical units of hands controller which used to ensure safety.
iii. Automatically removable barrier for machine mentioned in Article 9,10 and 11.
iv. Roll-over protective structure.(ROPS)
v. Falling Object Protective Structure.(FOPS)
Attention: Dangerous machineries listed above normally can post CE mark on products after the EC type-examination (type inspection) tested by the Notified Body (verification machinery).
l Mechanical security evaluation criteria
A standard (basic safety standards): basic concepts, design principles and general conditions applicable to all machines.
i. EN 292-1 Basic concepts of mechanical safety standards and general design principles.
ii. EN 292-2 Basic concepts of mechanical safety standards and general design principles.
iii. EN 1050 Safety of machinery - principles of risk assessment.
B Standard (groups) safety standards: dealing with a security situation or a related security facilities, the facilities can be widely used in wide range of machinery.
Type B1 :
i. EN 294 Safety of machinery - Prevention of upper limb encompasses the safe distance from danger zone.
ii. EN 811 Safety of machinery - Prevention of upper limb encompasses the safe distance from danger zone.
i. EN 1088 Safety of machinery - with / without guard locking interlock device.
ii. EN 953 Safety of machinery - guard (fixed / movable) design and construction of the general specification.
C standard (machine standard of security): Gives the specific machine or the machine group detailed security essential condition.
i. EN 201 Safety requirements of plastic / rubber injection molding machine .
ii. EN 692 Saety requirements of mechanical presses.
iii. EN 693 Safety requirements of Hydraulic Presses
iv. EN 860 Safety requirements of Single-sided planing machine
v. EN 869 Safety requirements of Metal casting machine
vi. EN 982 Safety requirements of Hydraulic System
vii. EN 983 Safety requirements of pneumatic system
viii. PrEN 1493 Safety requirements of Car lift station
ix. EN 12415 Safety requirements of Small lathes
x. EN 12417 Safety requirements of Integrated processing machine
xi. EN 12478 Safety requirements of Large-scale lathe
xii. EN 12717 Safety requirements of Drilling machine