European CE certification mark
1. what is the CE mark
CE-certification or CE Marking is a conformity marking consisting of the letters “CE”. The CE Marking applies to products regulated by certain European health, safety and environmental protection legislation. The CE Marking is obligatory for products it applies to: the manufacturer affixes the marking in order to be allowed to sell his product in the European market. CE is an abbreviation for Conformité Européenne’, French for ‘European Conformity’. The CE Marking indicates that the product it is affixed to conforms to all relevant essential requirements and other applicable provisions that have been imposed upon it by means of European directives, and that the product has been subject to the appropriate conformity assessment procedure(s). The essential requirements refer, among other things, to safety, public health and consumer protection..
2. what does CE stand for
The letters "CE" stand for "Conformité Européenne" ("European Conformity").However originally "CE" stood for ("Communauté Européenne", "Comunidad Europea", "Comunidade Europeia" and "Comunità Europea") "European Community". In former German legislation the CE-marking was called "EG-Zeichen" meaning "European Community mark". According to the European Commission the CE logo has become a symbol for free marketability of industrial goods within the EEA without any literal meaning, which appears contradictory to what they say today (cf. above reference no. 2).
Existing in its present form since 1993, the CE marking is a key indicator of a product's compliance with EU legislation and enables the free movement of products within the European market. By affixing the CE marking on a product, a manufacturer is declaring, on ones sole responsibility, conformity with all of the legal requirements to achieve CE marking and therefore ensuring validity for that product to be sold throughout the European Economic Area. This also applies to products made in third countries which are sold in the EEA.
CE marking does not indicate that a product was made in the EEA but states only that the product is assessed before being placed on the market and thus satisfies the legislative requirements (e.g. a harmonized level of safety) to be sold there. It means that the manufacturer has verified that the product complies with all relevant essential requirements (such as safety, health, environmental protection requirements) of the applicable directive(s) or, if stipulated in the directive(s), had it examined by a notified conformity assessment body.
However, not all products must bear the CE marking. Only those product categories subject to specific directives that provide for the CE marking are required to be CE marked. CE marked products are bought not only by professionals (such as medical devices, lifts, machinery and measuring equipment) but also by consumers (such as toys, PCs, mobile phones and light bulbs).
4.Rules underlying CE marking
The manufacturer of a product affixes the CE marking to it but has to take certain obligatory steps before the product can bear CE marking. The manufacturer must carry out a conformity assessment, set up a technical file and sign an EC declaration of conformity. The documentation has to be made available to authorities on request.
Importers of products have to verify that the manufacturer outside the EU has undertaken the necessary steps and that the documentation is available upon request. Importers should also make sure that contact with the manufacturer can always be established.
Distributors must be able to demonstrate to national authorities that they have acted with due care and they must have affirmation from the manufacturer or importer that the necessary measures have been taken.
If importers or distributors market the products under their own name, they take over the manufacturer's responsibilities. In this case they must have sufficient information on the design and production of the product, as they will be assuming the legal responsibility when they affix the CE marking.
There are certain rules underlying the procedure to affix the marking:
l Products subject to certain EC directives providing for CE marking have to be affixed with the CE marking before they can be placed on the market.
l Manufacturers have to check, on their sole responsibility, which EU directives they need to apply for their products.
l The product may be placed on the market only if it complies with the provisions of all applicable directives and if the conformity assessment procedure has been carried out accordingly.
l The manufacturer draws up an EC declaration of conformity and affixes the CE marking on the product.
l If stipulated in the directive(s), an authorized third party (Notified Body) must be involved in the conformity assessment procedure.
l If the CE marking is affixed on a product, it can bear additional markings only if they are of different significance, do not overlap with the CE marking and are not confusing and do not impair the legibility and visibility of the CE marking.
5. EC standards in the test instructions
Electronic appliances must comply with two directives as follows:
l CE / EMC Directive: Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (89/366/ECC), January 1, 1995. It has two main items: EMI (electromagnetic radiation) and IMMUNITY (anti-electromagnetic interference).
l CE / LVD directives: Low Voltage Directive (73/23ECC AND 93/68/EEC), from January 1, 1997, used for electrical and electronic products between AC 50V ~ 1000V and DC 75V ~ 1500V, which mainly test safety of products.
l CE / MD orders: Machinery Directive (98/37/EEC) for the detection of industrial machinery safety.
Part of CE standards :
1.98/37/EC: 1998 Member States to reconcile the mechanical laws
2.PREN1050: 1993 Safety of machinery, risk assessment
3.89/392/EEC: 1989 Member States to reconcile the mechanical laws
4.2000/12/EC: Noise Test command
5.ISO/DIS 11202-1993 noise test code for the drafting of laws and expression
6.EN60204-1: 1992 Safety of machinery electrical equipment machinery ─
7.EN1050: 1996 Safety of machinery risk assessment ─
8.EN292-1: 1991 Safety of machinery ─ basic concepts, general principles for design Part ─ Basic terminology, methodology
9.EN292-2: 1991 Safety of machinery ─ basic concepts, general principles for design ─ Part II: Technical principles and specifications
10.73/23/EEC: 1995 Low Voltage Directive
11.89/336/EEC Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
12.N574: 1997 Safety of machinery with moving hands ─ ─ function type control device design principles
13.EN418 ─ emergency stop equipment, machinery safety, function design principle
14.CEI.IEC 617-1 ~ 13 symbols of international standard electronic control
15.ISO7000 international standard operation panel graphics
16.93/68/EEC CE mark adhesive and consistent assessment procedures to amend Directive
17.EN457: 1992 Safety of machinery ─ hearing of the danger signals common to design and test
18.85/374/EEC Product Liability Directive
19.EN1088: 1996 cover of the combination of mechanical safety interlock device ─ ─ principles of design and selection
20.EN60529: 1992 ─ A mechanical safety protection level of protection for the conditions
21.EN1037: 1996 ─ mechanical safety to prevent accidental start of the
22.91/368/EEC machinery amendments to Directive
23.EN811: 1997 Safety of machinery to prevent lower limb and axial ─ a safe distance from hazardous areas
24.EN294 mechanical safety to prevent the upper limbs and axial ─ a safe distance from hazardous areas
Safety of machinery ─ 25.EN349 avoid the human body were crushed and the minimum clearance
26.90/683/EEC CE mark compliance assessment procedures
27.EN982: 1996 Safety of machinery ─ fluid power systems and components of the safety requirements ─ Hydraulic
28.EN983: 1996 Safety of machinery ─ pneumatic power systems and components of the safety requirements ─ pressure
29.EN693: 1997 general safety requirements for hydraulic machinery
30.EN894-1: 1997 Safety of machinery design display control brake ─ ergonomic requirements
31.PREN953: 1996 Safety of machinery ─ fixed, mobile guard design and construction requirements
32.EN954-1: 1997 Safety of machinery control systems ─ parts of the design principles of safety
33.EN563: 1994 Safety of machinery ─ accessible surface temperature limit
34.EN60947: 1997 Safety of machinery ─ low voltage switches and control the security requirements
35.PREN1005-1 ~ 4: 1998 Safety of machinery ─ safety requirements for human factors
36.EN61310-1: 1995 Safety of machinery ─ visual guide marks actuator tactile symbols required
37.BS5378: PARTL: 1980 Safety signs and colors
38.EN1845: 1999 ─ Shoe Machinery Injection Molding Machinery general safety requirements
39.EN931: 1998 shoe-making machinery ─ ago to help the general safety requirements for machinery
40.PREN12653: 1997 shoe-making machinery ─ nail with the general safety requirements for machinery
41.EN344: 1993 safety shoes, safety requirements and tests of general
42.EN930: 1997 ─ shoe leather leather machinery play rough trimming and polishing machinery safety requirements
43.PREN12044: 1997 shoe-making machinery cutting machinery ─ General safety requirements
6.Application Materials of CE certification:
l Product manual.
l Security design documents (including the key chart that reflects the application climb distance, space, insulation layer and the thickness of the design).
l Production of technical requirements (or enterprise standard).
l Products electric schematic.
l The key component parts or raw materials list (please use the certification mark product in Europe).
l Machine or component parts of a copy certificate.
l Other required materials.